On August 6, the city of Hiroshima, Japan remembers those who lost their lives when the atomic bomb fell. But Japan had an army of 2 million strong stationed in the home islands guarding against invasion. Most of the scientists, civilian leaders, and military officials responsible for the development of the bomb clearly assumed that its military use, however unpleasant, was the inevitable outcome of the project.
Truman was firm in his conviction that there would be no repeat performance of this with the defeat of Japan, and with the success of the first atomic bomb test in mid-July Truman felt that he was now in a position to make this very clear to Stalin: Anxious as we were to have Russia in the war against Japan, the experience at Potsdam now made me determined that I would not allow the Russians any part in the control of Japan… force is the only thing that the Russians understand.
Zachary Keck is managing editor of The National Interest. The President rejected a demonstration of the atomic bomb to the Japanese leadership. Other critics argued that American diplomats had ulterior motives.
The first phase, code-named Olympicwas scheduled for late Octoberwith a landing on Kyushu, defended by an estimatedJapanese troops backed by at least 1, kamikaze planes.
As morally depraved as that is, the truth is far more damning. In short, the purpose in dropping the bombs was to scare the bejesus out of Russia, and there is no question that the U.
The cryptomeria tree is the Japanese version of our redwood… I anticipated that a bomb detonated at a suitable height above such a forest… would lay the trees out in windrows from the center of the explosion in all directions as though they were matchsticks, and, of course, set them afire in the center.
What kind of twisted rationale lay behind this madness? When Harry Truman learned of the success of the Manhattan Project, he knew he was faced with a decision of unprecedented gravity.
Most of the scientists, however, supported some use of the bomb: For several years, Moscow had maintained its neutrality toward Tokyo, but in the summer ofSoviet territorial ambitions in Asia led Stalin to choose war.
In a different poll taken around the same time, some 23 percent of respondents said they wished the United States had dropped more atomic bombs on Japan before Tokyo had a chance to surrender! There were political reasons for nuking those two high-density civilian populations, and the United States was not going to let Japan interfere with its political agenda by way of an untimely surrender.
Headed by Stimson and James Byrneswhom Truman would soon name secretary of state, the Interim Committee was a group of respected statesmen and scientists closely linked to the war effort.
Truman stated that his decision to drop the bomb was purely military. A Normandy-type amphibious landing would have cost an estimated million casualties.
Finally, Truman hoped to end the Pacific War before the Soviet Union entered the fray against the Japanese, a development that might permit Stalin to obtain territory in Asia or demand a role in America's postwar occupation of Japan. Japanese casualties were staggering, with approximately 90, defending troops and at leastcivilians killed.
The same mid-range estimate that predictedcasualties for Olympic projected 90, for Coronet. After nearly 12 weeks of fighting, the United States secured the island on June 21 at a cost of nearly 50, American casualties.
Americans would never behave in such a horribly depraved and cruel manner. In the president's estimation, the Japanese got what they deserved. At the Potsdam conference between Britain, the U.
In Japan no military official counseled surrender, and civilian leaders who knew that the war was lost dared not speak their thoughts openly.
On May 8,Germany surrendered unconditionally to great rejoicing in the Allied countries. The more revised US estimates predicted up to four million Allied casualties with one million dead.
The President rejected a demonstration of the atomic bomb to the Japanese leadership. On August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, where 80, Japanese people perished. Would Truman have used the bomb against the Germans?
Thousands attend the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony annually. His book, 'How Far the Promised Land? Truman saw little difference between atomic bombing Hiroshima and fire bombing Dresden or Tokyo. Japan faced inevitable defeat, but the concept of surrender carried a stigma of dishonour too great to contemplate.
There are three arguments usually marshalled against the use of the bomb in Aug 14, · A political advantage: the reason why USA bombed Japanese cities. it wasn’t necessary to use the bomb against the cities of Japan in order to win the war but our possession and demonstration of the bomb would make the Russians more manageable in Europe.
Aug 02, · Hasegawa is no less provocative in assessing America's decision to employ atomic weapons. Truman was "eager" to drop the bomb, he writes, and was unwilling to.
Watch video · On this day inat a.m. Japanese time, an American B bomber, the Enola Gay, drops the world’s first atom bomb, over the city of Hiroshima. Approximately 80, people are killed as a direct result.
America's Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb on Japan They are several reasons why America dropped the atomic bomb on Japan Hiroshima. Some are more important than others.citizens died in that incident mainly children and workers because the bombed was dropped at.
After all, America had a “Germany first” strategy from the very beginning of its involvement in the war, so why drop the bomb on Japan? Was American nuclear devastation reserved only for. In when World War I alost ended United States drop atomic bomb on the two cities of Japan, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Within the first two to four months of the bombings, the acute effects killed 90,–, people in Hiroshima and 60,–80, in Nagasaki, with roughly half of the deaths in each city occurring on the first day.Download